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Things You Should Know About Kerosene

Date:13-12-2021 | By: Redlines Diesel Trading

What is Kerosene? 

Kerosene, also written as kerosine, is a flammable hydrocarbon liquid that is extensively used as a fuel. It is also called paraffin or paraffin oil. Despite the fact that they share a name, kerosene and paraffin are not the same things. It is an extremely adaptable fuel that may be utilized for a wide range of applications.

Kerosene has a distinctive odor and is often light yellow or colorless. It is derived from petroleum and is used as a fuel or fuel component in jet engines, as well as a solvent for greases and pesticides. Here are some things you should know about Kerosene

History of Kerosene

Kerosene was first made from coal tar and shale oils when it was discovered in the late 1840s by Canadian physician Abraham Gesner and. However, once E.L. Drake drilled the first oil well in Pennsylvania in 1859, petroleum rapidly became the primary source of kerosene. Kerosene was the principal refinery product for several decades due to its usage in lamps, until the introduction of the electric bulb diminished its usefulness for illumination. Production fell further as the vehicle became more popular, establishing gasoline as a significant petroleum product. Nonetheless, kerosene is still common heating and cooking fuel, as well as lamp fuel, in many regions of the world. Commercial jet fuel is primarily high-quality straight-run kerosene, while many military jet fuels are kerosene mixes.

What are the uses of kerosene?

  • Lamps & Lighting Fuel: Kerosene oil is used to power lamps, particularly those in rural or distant areas.
  • Heating Oil: Kerosene is commonly referred to as heating oil. Room heaters utilize kerosene oil. Room heaters are typically powered by electricity, however, some specialized room heaters are powered by kerosene oil.
  • Entertainment purposes: As previously said, kerosene oil has a wide range of applications. There are several theatrical plays, events, and other essential duties that need fire-related actions.
  • Jet Engine Fuel: Many people are unaware that kerosene oil is widely utilized as jet engine fuel.
  • Chemical Uses: Kerosene oil is widely employed in several chemical industries due to its chemical properties. It is preferred for usage as an industrial-grade lubricant for chemicals and as an excellent petroleum solvent.

What Are the Different Grades of Kerosene?

Kerosene is classified into two classes based on its sulfur concentration.


1-K kerosene is the purest kind of kerosene. It has a maximum sulfur concentration of 0.04 percent by weight and is clear or faintly yellow.  1-K kerosene may be burned without a chimney to remove combustion byproducts from the room since it has a low sulfur concentration. However, red-colored 1-K kerosene should be avoided, especially indoors, because it contains more pollutants and produces more fumes than the clear form.


2-K grade kerosene can contain up to 0.30 percent sulfur, which is substantially more than one-K kerosene. Two-K kerosene should only be used in equipment with a chimney, as the fumes it emits are extremely dangerous if ingested. In the case of heaters, 2-K should not be used because it interferes with proper fuel wicking, necessitating frequent wick cleaning and maintenance, which can result in a fire.

Safety Issues of Kerosene

Kerosene, along with diesel fuel, is considered an intermediate distillate of crude oil, having a boiling point between 150 and 300 °C (300–575 °F). Kerosene Safety Concerns When kerosene is breathed while being consumed, it causes toxicity (aspiration). It is irritating to the eyes and skin. Respiratory irritation may result from aspiration.

Acute and chronic kerosene exposure can cause irritation, restlessness, ataxia, sleepiness, convulsions, coma, and even death. Dermatitis is the most prevalent health impact connected with persistent kerosene exposure. Kerosene has no discernible effect on human reproduction or development.

However, there was insufficient data to categorize kerosene as a human carcinogen.

Properties of Kerosene

Kerosene is a hydrocarbon combination in its chemical form. Depending on the source, the chemical composition varies. It normally comprises roughly 10 distinct hydrocarbons, each with up to 16 carbon atoms per molecule. The primary ingredients are branched-chain paraffin and saturated straight-chain, as well as ring-shaped cycloparaffins. Kerosene has lower volatility than gasoline. Its flash point (the temperature at which it will produce a flammable vapor at its surface) is 38 °C (100 °F) or higher, whereas gasoline has a flashpoint as low as 40 °C (40 °F). Because of this feature, kerosene is a generally safe fuel to store and handle for the fuel suppliers in Dubai.

The Manufacturing Process

The process of kerosene production starts with the collection of crude oil. Mostly, oil supply is found deep under the surface of the earth. The crude oil is transported to the refining sites with the help of several storage tanks. This is where all the dirt is removed. Distillation is known to be a paramount procedure in the separation process. It involves heating and the separation of various elements from the oil. Once the distillation process is completed, the condensed aftermath is procured under different temperatures. The product collected between 150 degrees Celsius and 250 degrees Celsius is always kerosene. After this, the purification process involves strengthening and controlling the carbon distribution by removing some atoms or adding more to the backbone of the hydrocarbon chain.  Kerosene is then stored in various reservoirs upon completion of the entire production process.

For any fuel-related queries or high-quality diesel fuel, you can contact one of the best diesel traders in UAE- Red Lines Diesel Trading. 

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